The Winnebago Tribe


The "Hochunkara' or Winnebago were represented at the congress by 9 members of the tribe. They originally came from the territory in southern Wisconsin from the area surrounding Lake Winnebago. Members of this tribe number about 1150 and they currently li ve on a reservation adjoining the Omaha in northeastern Nebraska. This group of delegates was led by sub-chief Blackhawk.

The Winnebago speak an archaic Siouan language. They dressed and had physical characteristics similar to eastern Indians in that they wore turbans, beaded garters, short breechcloths and had the compact, heavy build of an agricultural tribe.

Since they lived far from buffalo country, the Winnegago made their living principally on corn, wild rice, fish, and small game. Their houses were of the wigwam type, made of woven rush mats upon a framwork of poles very similar to that of the Suak tribe s.


To see more images from the Indian Congress, visit the Indian Congress Photo Gallery. This collection includes over 500 photographs of Native Americans, including portraits of individuals, group photos of families and photographs of various activities.

The library also has the original "Secretary's Report" from the TransMississippi Exposition. This document includes a section on the The Indian Congress by Mr. W. V. Cox, Secret ary of the Government Exhibit Board. It also contains the Report of Captain Mercer, manager of the Indian Congress.

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