The Sioux Tribe


The Sioux, who call themselves Dakota or Lakota, are the largest tribe in the United States with 25,000 members. At one time, the Sioux owned nearly all of both Dakotas and about one-half of Minnesota. They now live on reservations within their ancient territory.

Their language was reduced to writing in the 1840's and has now a considerable literature. Nearly all the men of the tribe are able to conduct personal correspondence in their own language. They have a special fondness for parade, and eagle-feather war-bonnets are numerous in this delegation. The Sioux had 88 members in attendance, but no generally recognized chiefs.

Their tipis, some of which are tastefully decorated, were set up in a circle, following the old custom of the plains tribes.


To see more images from the Indian Congress, visit the Indian Congress Photo Gallery. This collection includes over 500 photographs of Native Americans, including portraits of individuals, group photos of families and photographs of various activities.

The library also has the original "Secretary's Report" from the TransMississippi Exposition. This document includes a section on the The Indian Congress by Mr. W. V. Cox, Secretary of the Government Exhibit Board. It also contains the Report of Captain Mercer, manager of the Indian Congress.

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