The Pueblo Tribe


The Pueblos were represented by a delegation of about twenty men from Santa Clara pueblo on the upper Rio Grande in New Mexico. The Pueblos are considered one of the most distinct and interesting native types, but due to the fact that the agent who made up the delegation was instructed to send only men, it was impossible to make any showing of such characteristic industries as bread making, pottery making, or basket weaving.

Santa Clara is one of the smallest of the pueblos and because of its short distance from the railroad and the town of Espanola, its inhabitants have been so modified by contact with white civilization that they have almost forgotten their aboriginal arts and ceremonies. Being unable to carry on any of their native industries or to participate in the ceremonials of the other tribes, the Santa Clara men confined their effort chiefly to disposing of some cheap pottery of the sort made for sale to tourists a t railway stations.


The 26 existing Pueblo towns of New Mexico and Arizona, with some transplanted settlements near El Paso, Texas, have altogether a population of about 11,000 members. The Santa Clara Indians belong to the Tanoan stock and they call themselves Owino. Nearl y all have Spanish names in addition to their proper Indian names. They elect a governor, or chief, every year. Their present governor, Diego Naranjo, with the last ex-governor, old Jose de Jesus Naranjo, accompanied the party. Diego Naranjo attended th e congress bearing as his staff of office an inscribed silver-headed cane presented to the pueblo by President Lincoln in 1863.


To see more images from the Indian Congress, visit the Indian Congress Photo Gallery. This collection includes over 500 photographs of Native Americans, including portraits of individuals, group photos of families and photographs of various activities.

The library also has the original "Secretary's Report" from the TransMississippi Exposition. This document includes a section on the The Indian Congress by Mr. W. V. Cox, Secret ary of the Government Exhibit Board. It also contains the Report of Captain Mercer, manager of the Indian Congress.

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