The Otoe Tribe


The Otoe Tribe came from a reservation in Otoe, Oklahoma and brought with them 11 delegates. The Otoe population numbered over 900 in the 1780's and sharply declined to only 500 members after being sent to the reservation in 1805.


The Otoe in many ways resembled the Kiowa tribes in that they were roving buffalo hunters who fought and hunted on horseback. The Otoe's lived in skin tipis, practiced no agriculture, used the same weapons as the Kiowa, and had similar military organizations and tribal ceremonies.


The Otoe tribal dress included the prairie moccasin, breech-cloth, and buckskin dress. The men wore the scalp-lock, usually having the rest of the hair braided and hanging down in front on each side of the head. They are all of fine physical type, with a build is sinewy and features which are thin and clear-cut.


To see more images from the Indian Congress, visit the Indian Congress Photo Gallery. This collection includes over 500 photographs ofNative Americans, including portraits of individuals, groupphotos of families and photographs of various activities.

The library also has the original "Secretary's Report" from the TransMississippi Exposition. This document includes a section on the The Indian Congress by Mr. W. V. Cox, Secretary of the Government Exhibit Board. It also contains the Report of Captain Mercer, manager of the Indian Congress.

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