The Iowa Tribe


The Iowa tribe traveled with the Sauk and Fox tribes and sent only four delegates to represent them at the congress. In 1760, this tribe was fairly large numbering over 1100 members. As their populations dwindled to 800 in 1804 and 112 in 1937, the Iowa came to depend on the Sauk more and more and eventally lived in alliance with them.


The Iowa have always been agricultural, and they wear the turban and characteristic moccasin of the eastern tribes. The Iowa tribe is known for its finely woven floor mats made of of reed over a bark-cord foundation. They also made loosely woven twined rectangular storage bags.


To see more images from the Indian Congress, visit the Indian Congress Photo Gallery. This collection includes over 500 photographs ofNative Americans, including portraits of individuals, groupphotos of families and photographs of various activities.

The library also has the original "Secretary's Report" from the TransMississippi Exposition. This document includes a section on the The Indian Congress by Mr. W. V. Cox, Secretary of the Government Exhibit Board. It also contains the Report of Captain Mercer, manager of the Indian Congress.

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