The Crow Tribe


The Crow Tribe live on a reservation in Montana and sent 26 delegates to the congress. The Crow are considered to be predatory in habit, although they have never been at war with the whites. In fact, they have usually been known to furnish groups of scouts for the government service in the various Indian campaigns of that region.

The most prominent man of the delegation was White-swan (pictured left), a former scout and the sole survivor of the Custer massacre in 1876. During this battle he was shot and hacked almost to pieces and finally left for dead, but managed to save his life by covering himself with the blanket of a dead Dakota. With his hearing destroyed by blows of the tomahawk, his hands crippled by bullets, and his whole body covered with enduring scars, he is still able to tell the story in fluent sign language.

They Crow are roving buffalo hunters. They are in many way similar to the Kiowa tribes in that they fight and hunt on horseback, live in skin tipis, practice no agriculture, use the same weapons, and have similar military organizations and tribal ceremonies.

They dress in prairie moccasins, breech-cloth, and buckskin dress. The men wore the scalp-lock, usually having the rest of the hair braided and hanging down in front on each side of the head. With the Crows it was pushed up or reached over the forehead. The Crows are especially tall, their build is sinewy and the features thin and clear-cut.

To see more images from the Indian Congress, visit the Indian Congress Photo Gallery. This collection includes over 500 photographs ofNative Americans, including portraits of individuals, groupphotos of families and photographs of various activities.

The library also has the original "Secretary's Report" from the TransMississippi Exposition. This document includes a section on the The Indian Congress by Mr. W. V. Cox, Secretary of the Government Exhibit Board. It also contains the Report of Captain Mercer, manager of the Indian Congress.

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