The Chippewa Tribe


The Chippewa delegates came from two reservations in Wisconsin, the Lac de Flambeau sent 25 and the Bad River had 5 representatives. The Chippewa are very similar linquistically to the Blackfoot, Cheyenne and Arapaho tribes.


The Chippewa are roving buffalo hunters. They are in many way similar to the Kiowa tribes in that they fight and hunt on horseback, live in skin tipis, practice no agriculture, use the same weapons, and have similar military organizations and tribal cerem onies. They dress in prairie moccasins, breech-cloth, and buckskin dress. The men wore the scalp-lock, usually having the rest of the hair braided and hanging down in front on each side of the head.

The Treaty of July 31, 1855 (in addition to other things, placed these people on several large reservations extending across the eastern portion of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. The promise of the government with respect to the Treaty was, however, not carried out to any real degree and by various means these bands began to sink into an extreme state of deprivation.

To see more images from the Indian Congress, visit the Indian Congress Photo Gallery. This collection includes over 500 photographs of Native Americans, including portraits of individuals, group photos of families and photographs of various activities.

The library also has the original "Secretary's Report" from the TransMississippi Exposition. This document includes a section on the The Indian Congress by Mr. W. V. Cox, Secret ary of the Government Exhibit Board. It also contains the Report of Captain Mercer, manager of the Indian Congress.

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