The Arapaho Tribe

The Arapaho, who call themselves 'Inuna-ina', are close allies with the Cheyenne. This name is roughly translated into 'our people'. The Arapho tribe was represented by a large delegation of 24 from Oklahoma.

The Araphoe are considered to be buffalo hunters of the plains but also have traditions of a time when they lived in the east and planted corn. The Arapaho, numbering in all about 1800, live in two divisions. The larger body lives with the Cheyenne in Okl ahoma, while the northern division resides with the Shoshoni on a reservation in Wyoming. The Grosventres of Montana, formerly associated with the Blackfeet and numbering now about 700, are a detached band of Arapaho.

Unlike their allies the Cheyenne,the Arapaho are of accommodating temper, and have easily adapted to civilization. Their 'medicine' is the 'flat pipe', in the keeping of the northern division. The Arapho are devoted to the ghost dance and are considere d the most expert sign-talkers on the plains.

The Arapho tribe shares many of the same characteristics as the Kiowa in that they fight and hunt on horseback, live in skin tipis, practice little or no agriculture, use the same weapons, and have similar military organizations and tribal ceremonies. Th ey wore the prairie moccasin, breech-cloth, and buckskin dress. The men wore the scalp-lock, usually having the rest of the hair braided and hanging down in front on each side of the head. The are considered to be quite tall with a build that is sinewy a nd they have thin, clear-cut features.

To see more images from the Indian Congress, visit the Indian Congress Photo Gallery. This collection includes over 500 photographs of Native Americans, including portraits of individuals, group photos of families and photographs of various activities.

The library also has the original "Secretary's Report" from the TransMississippi Exposition. This document includes a section on the The Indian Congress by Mr. W. V. Cox, Secret ary of the Government Exhibit Board. It also contains the Report of Captain Mercer, manager of the Indian Congress.

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